28 September 2023

Beginners Guide to Hard Landscaping

Welcome to our beginner’s guide to hard landscaping! If you’re new to landscaping, you might be wondering what hard landscaping is all about.

Essentially, hard landscaping refers to any aspect of landscaping that involves the use of non-living materials, such as stone, brick, concrete, and wood. This can include things like patios, paths, walls, and other structures. In this guide, we’ll give you a crash course in hard landscaping basics, including materials, styles, and installation techniques.


There are many different materials that can be used in hard landscaping, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Some common materials include:



Stone is a durable and attractive material that can be used for a variety of landscaping projects. It can be used to create retaining walls, walkways, and even outdoor fireplaces. However, stone can be expensive, and it can be difficult to work with.



Brick is another popular material for hard landscaping projects. It’s durable and relatively easy to work with, and it can be used to create a variety of different structures. However, bricklaying tradesmen would be more expensive.



Concrete is a versatile material that can be used to create a wide range of structures, from simple garden paths to complex retaining walls. It’s also relatively inexpensive and easy to work with. However, when pouring concrete you only get one chance to get it right.



Wood is a popular material for outdoor structures, such as decks and pergolas. It’s relatively inexpensive and easy to work with, and it can add warmth and character to your landscaping. However, wood can be prone to rotting and warping over time, and it may require regular maintenance to keep it looking its best.


There are many different styles of hard landscaping, each with its own unique look and feel. Some popular styles include:


Formal landscaping is characterized by clean lines, symmetry, and a sense of order. This style is often used in more traditional settings, such as formal gardens or estate landscapes. Well-groomed hedges, precisely pruned topiaries, and symmetrical planting beds are hallmark features.



Informal landscaping is characterised by a more natural, relaxed look, creating a laid-back and inviting atmosphere. This style is often used in more casual settings, such as cottage gardens or backyard landscapes.



Rustic landscaping is characterised by a rough, natural look. This style is often used in more rural settings, such as farmhouses or cabins. It embraces the imperfections and irregularities found in natural materials, exuding a sense of warmth and authenticity.


Contemporary landscaping is defined by its emphasis on clean lines and open spaces. This style often incorporates modern materials and technologies to create a sleek and uncluttered appearance. It is commonly found in urban and suburban settings, and is characterised by a focus on functionality, simplicity, and a seamless integration with the surrounding environment.

Installation Techniques

Installing hard landscaping structures can be a complex process, but there are a few basic techniques that are used in many projects. These include:



Excavation involves digging out the area where your structure will be installed. This may involve removing grass, earth / dirt, or other materials.



Grading involves leveling the area where your structure will be installed. This is important for ensuring that your structure is stable and level.

Base preparation:

Base Preparation

Base preparation involves creating a stable base for your structure. This may involve adding gravel or other materials to create a solid foundation.



Installation involves placing your structure in the prepared area and securing it in place. This may involve using mortar, concrete, or other materials to ensure that your structure is stable.


We hope this beginner’s guide to hard landscaping has been helpful in getting you started on your DIY landscaping journey. Remember, there are many different materials, styles, and techniques to choose from, so don’t be afraid to experiment and find the approach that works best for you. Happy landscaping!